Photo Of The Day

When An Elderly Man Falls In China

On 26th Nov. 2013, an elderly man fell while crossing the street in Jinghua, China.

A few passersby stopped their bikes and formed a circle to prevent other riders hitting the man. The man tried to stand up by himself, but failed. People stood around looking at each other, but no one dared to help the old man stand up. They called police and ambulance, and after examination. it was found that the elderly man had no serious injuries.

Some Chinese are loath to give assistance because of incidents like the one below:

Earlier this month, two high school students helped an elderly man up from his fallen bicycle, but the man accused the two students of knocking him down and demanded they pay for his medical expenses. The parents of the students paid 1200 yuan ($200). These two students then posted an online request for witnesses. A shop owner and some customers who saw the fall went to the police to give evidence. The old man had to return the money to the two students.

China's Cotton Gulags PDF Print E-mail
Real China
Citizen Power for China   

A new report from has revealed the slave labor of Uyghur prisoners in China's concentration camps.


China has created a "cotton gulag" in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR).  Xinjiang produces 84 percent of China's cotton output, and is a primary supplier and exporter of cotton/textile/apparel products.

Xinjiang is also home to a large percentage of China's prison population and these inmates serve as a key labor force in every link of China's cotton value chain, from cotton field reclamation to planting, harvesting, processing, and garment production.


Direct evidence from data published by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), Chinese companies, and witness testimonies shows that prisons in the region are forcing inmates to work in prison cotton farms, processing plants, and textile/garment factories. This prison-based economy is designed to meet two CCP goals: earn money for the State and "politically stabilize" Xinjiang.

To conceal this practice, prison and labor camp authorities in Xinjiang have deleted online information regarding these prison companies and factories, changed the names of prison factories, and created layers of complex company ownership structures in order to disguise prison factories and farms as schools and trading companies.

Key Conclusions of the Report

Xinjiang produces 84 percent of China's cotton output, and is a primary supplier and exporter of cotton/textile/apparel products to Chinese factories in the interior of China, as well as internationally. The Xinjiang region has the largest number of prisons and labor camps in China, and it is China's long-standing policy to use prison inmates as forced labor;

Prison inmates in Xinjiang are routinely used to reclaim land for cotton fields, and participate in other parts of the cotton value chain, up to and including work in garment factories.

In 2014, the Chinese Government began to implement a strategy to maintain political stability in Xinjiang. Part of the strategy involves the detention of large numbers of Uighurs in "re-education camps." Concurrently, the government encouraged the development of the vertical integration of China's garment manufacturing sector by moving textile and garment factories closer to cotton production in Xinjiang where Uighers could be placed for employment in the cotton/textile/garment industry;

The presence of forced labor, particularly prison labor, at many steps of the cotton supply chain means that potentially all cotton/textile/apparel products from Xinjiang are produced with forced labor, and some of these products have entered into international commerce, including the U.S. and European markets.

Re-education camps

The XUAR has a disproportionately high concentration of prisons in comparison with the other provinces in the country. Excluding Uyghur re-education camps, there are over 70 prisons in the XUAR compared to a mere 25 in Shandong Province despite the latter having a population over four times larger.

This absurd ratio underscores a system of ethnic disenfranchisement initiated by the CCP that, while being propagated as a supposed means of re-education for criminals, functions as a way to inhumanely punish inmates, eradicate the Muslim faith in China, and provide a renewable source of unethical but cheap forced labor for the cotton and textile industry.

Though the exact figure is unknown, we estimate there are half a million to 800,000 prisoners incarcerated in Xinjiang and forced to work in prison enterprises in many industry sectors. In addition, a million Uighurs are held in the "reeducation camps," and many are forced to work under the new textile/apparel expansion plan.

Because forced labor is used so ubiquitously throughout Xinjiang, it is very difficult to separate Xinjiang's forced labor economy from its regular economy. Based on our findings, governments, companies, and consumers should assume that any cotton products sourced from China are a product of China's cotton gulag.

See Citizen Power for China for further information



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